After


After
After:
Die Bezeichnung für das Ende des Mastdarms (mhd. after, ahd. aftero) ist eine Substantivierung des im Nhd. untergegangenen Adjektivs ahd. aftero, mhd. after »hinter; nachfolgend« und bedeutete dementsprechend zunächst »Hinterer« (vgl. die unter hinter behandelte Substantivierung »Hintern«). Das Adjektiv gehört zu der Präposition und zum Adverb älter nhd., mhd. after, ahd. aftar, niederd. achter ( achter), got. aftra, engl. after, schwed. efter »nach; hinter; gemäß«. Dieses gemeingerm. Wort beruht mit verwandten Wörtern in anderen idg. Sprachen auf idg. *epi-, *opi- »nahe hinzu, auf etwas hin, nach«, vgl. z. B. griech. epí »auf etwas hin« und lat. ob »auf etwas hin, nach«, die in zahlreichen aus dem Griech. und Lat. entlehnten Fremdwörtern als Präfix erscheinen ( epi..., Epi... und ob..., Ob...). Zu dieser idg. Präposition gehört wahrscheinlich auch das unter Abend behandelte Substantiv. – Älter nhd. after »hinter« kam wegen der anstößigen Bedeutung des Substantivs außer Gebrauch. Auch die Zusammensetzungen mit »after«, wie z. B. »Aftermiete« »Untermiete«, sind heute nicht mehr gebräuchlich.

Das Herkunftswörterbuch . 2014.

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  • After — Aft er ([.a]ft t[ e]r), a. [AS. [ae]fter after, behind; akin to Goth. aftaro, aftra, backwards, Icel. aptr, Sw. and Dan. efter, OHG. aftar behind, Dutch and LG. achter, Gr. apwte rw further off. The ending ter is an old comparative suffix, in E.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • After — Aft er, adv. Subsequently in time or place; behind; afterward; as, he follows after. [1913 Webster] It was about the space of three hours after. Acts. v. 7. [1913 Webster] Note: After is prefixed to many words, forming compounds, but retaining… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • after — I. adverb Etymology: Middle English, from Old English æfter; akin to Old High German aftar after, and probably to Old English of of Date: before 12th century following in time or place ; afterward, behind, later < we arrived shortly after > <… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • After all — After Aft er, prep. 1. Behind in place; as, men in line one after another. Shut doors after you. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. Below in rank; next to in order. Shak. [1913 Webster] Codrus after Ph?bus sings the best. Dryden. [1913 Webster] 3. Later in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • After body — After Aft er ([.a]ft t[ e]r), a. [AS. [ae]fter after, behind; akin to Goth. aftaro, aftra, backwards, Icel. aptr, Sw. and Dan. efter, OHG. aftar behind, Dutch and LG. achter, Gr. apwte rw further off. The ending ter is an old comparative suffix,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • after hours — {adv. or adj. phr.} Not during the regular, correct, or usual time; going on or open after the usual hours. * /The store was cleaned and swept out after hours./ * /The children had a secret after hours party when they were supposed to be in bed./ …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • after hours — {adv. or adj. phr.} Not during the regular, correct, or usual time; going on or open after the usual hours. * /The store was cleaned and swept out after hours./ * /The children had a secret after hours party when they were supposed to be in bed./ …   Dictionary of American idioms


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